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徐 丽,王 亮,郑光新,韩惠军,王术同,李 雯.康复干预对强化军事训练腰痛的影响[J].中国康复医学杂志,2017,(5):539~542
康复干预对强化军事训练腰痛的影响    点此下载全文
徐 丽  王 亮  郑光新  韩惠军  王术同  李 雯
解放军95894部队卫生队,北京,102211
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摘要:
      摘要 目的:观察康复训练对乘载员阅兵式强化训练下腰痛的干预作用,为常规军事训练致腰痛的预防提供参考。 方法:2015年4月—9月参加阅兵训练的乘载员100例,观察组和对照组各50例,所有乘载员除接受阅兵式强化训练外,观察组同时接受预防腰痛的专项康复干预。在康复干预前和阅兵结束时(间隔18周)监测两组腰痛的发病率、视觉疼痛模拟评分法(VAS)和腰痛障碍指数(ODI)评定。 结果:康复干预前两组的腰痛发病率、VAS和ODI评分的差异无显著性意义(P>0.05);阅兵结束时观察组的腰痛发病率、VAS和ODI评分均明显低于对照组(P<0.01);观察组中腰痛者在康复干预前后VAS和ODI评分的差异无显著性意义,而对照组中腰痛者VAS评分高于初次评定,差异有显著性意义(P<0.01)。 结论:康复干预能有效减少乘载员阅兵式强化训练中腰痛的发病率和控制腰痛的发展,加强维护脊柱软组织平衡和矢状面生理曲度的康复训练可为常规军事训练减少腰痛发病率提供参考。
关键词:康复干预  军事训练  腰痛  预防损伤
The influence of rehabilitation intervention on lower back pain in intensive military training    Download Fulltext
Health Team, 95894 Troop of PLA, Beijing, 102211
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Abstract:
      Abstract Objective: To observe the effect of rehabilitation training on lower back pain of army soldiers who are underwent intensive military training. Method: From April to September of 2015, 100 PLA soldiers who prepared for parade were divided into two equal groups: observation group and control group with 50 members in each group. Both two groups underwent intensive military training. At the same time, the observation group received rehabilitation exercises to prevent lower back pain. In these two groups, the morbidity of lower back pain, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were detected before rehabilitation intervention and after the parade(an interval of 18 weeks). Result: Before the rehabilitation intervention, there was no significance between observation group and training group in the morbidity of lower back pain, VAS and ODI (P>0.05). After the parade, the morbidity of lower back pain, VAS and ODI of observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group's (P<0.01). Conclusion: The professional rehabilitation training can effectively prevent the incidence of lower back pain of soldiers in intensive military training. Rehabilitation training with maintaining vertebral column bend and the balance of soft tissue can provide a reference for reducing the incidence of low back pain in conventional military training.
Keywords:rehabilitation intervention  military training  lower back pain  injury prevention
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